Florence Pinton, Béatrice Ducot, Jacques Motte, Anne-Sophie Arbuès, Catherine Barondiot, Marie-Anne Barthez, Yves Chaix, Renée Cheminal, Marie-Odile Livet, Marie-José Penniello, Sylviane Peudenier, Anne de Saint-Martin, Catherine Billard
with BECTS were studied in terms of neuropsychological and learning abilities: intellectual quotient, oral language (phonological production, naming skills, verbal fluency and syntactic comprehension), drawing and visuo-spatial skills, visual and selective attention, verbal and visuo-spatial memory, reading, numeracy and spelling. The mean IQ of the population was within the normal range, but individual results were heterogeneous. Verbal functions and memory were normal. In contrast, drawing and visuo-spatial skills, attention and visuo-spatial memory were significantly weak compared to the normal range for age. Reading, numeracy and/or spelling ability were significantly delayed by one academic year or more in ten of the children. In conclusion, despite its benign outcome in terms of epilepsy, BECTS can be accompanied by specific cognitive disorders and low academic achievement.
Z Hande Sart, Veysi Demirbilek, Barış Korkmaz, Peter D Slade, Ayşın Dervent, Brenda D Townes
risk of academic underachievement, are not rare. We investigated neuropsychological functioning including attention, memory, visuomotor ability, and executive functioning with a closer look at the associated mathematical ability in patients with idiopathic partial epilepsies. A battery of age-appropriate, neuropsychological and mathematics achievement tests was administered to 30 participants with idiopathic partial epilepsy [13 children with benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS), 17 children with idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsies (ICOE)], and to 30 healthy participants matched for age, sex, handedness, and socioeconomic status. Results did not support any impairment in overall neuropsychological functioning in participants with idiopathic partial epilepsies, whereas, isolated deficits did exist. The mean performance of the IPE group was significantly lower than the control group in six out of 12, neuropsychological measures: drawing (p < 0.01), digit span (p < 0.05), verbal learning (p < 0.01), object assembly (p < 0.01), similarities (p < 0.05), and vocabulary (p < 0.001). Results suggested that one should be cautious regarding neuropsychological and academic prognosis in the so-called benign idiopathic partial epilepsies of childhood.
Gerrit-Jan de Haan, Dalila Pinto, Ed Bertram, Dorothee GA Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité, Bobby PC Koeleman, Dick Lindhout
inheritance model, which although rather simplified, may explain at least some of the clinical observations. Here we describe a family in which the clinical phenotype in the offspring can be explained by a combination of photosensitivity and epilepsy traits that segregated independently of each other. This case history demonstrates the need to evaluate family histories in more detail in order to uncover potential clinical markers for genetic factors in complex epilepsies.
Ida Niklson, Pascal Edrich, Peter Verdru
between placebo groups in different trials are not given in the literature. This exploratory analysis was undertaken to compare the baseline characteristics of placebo responders and nonresponders, in an attempt to identify common features. The pooled statistical analysis was performed on the database for three pivotal studies of levetiracetam (n = 904). Using the 50% response definition, we found that 45.6% of placebo nonresponders were on one antiepileptic drug at baseline, compared with 69% of placebo responders. The difference in number of baseline antiepileptic drugs was almost statistically significant (p = 0.056). Placebo nonresponders also tended to have epilepsy for longer than responders. The mean age at onset of epilepsy was consistently different between placebo nonresponders and responders (15.2 versus 20.8 years, respectively; p = 0.019). These findings suggest that the placebo response is higher in patients with partial-onset seizures who are taking only one antiepileptic drug at baseline and have later onset and shorter duration of epilepsy than in patients on more than one antiepileptic drug at baseline with earlier onset and longer duration of epilepsy.
Maria Paola Valenti, Sébastien Froelich, Gabrielle Rudolf, Anne Thibault, Serge Chassagnon, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Edouard Hirsch
a common clinical problem. Video-EEG monitoring during sleep, recording several episodes in the same patient, is essential in order to characterize these phenomena. It offers the possibility to compare electro-clinical data, to demonstrate the eventual stereotyped pattern of motor phenomena and their progression in time, and to study EEG-polygraphic correlates. The recently described double split-screen synchronized display (DSSSD) technique represents a useful tool for comparing particular clinical patterns of epileptic seizures when dealing with complex, hypermotor phenomena observed in frontal lobe epilepsy. We reviewed the data of 24 patients admitted during a two-year period (2002-2003) to our epilepsy sleep unit for isolated paroxysmal sleep motor events. Four patients presented with very brief paroxysmal arousals without daytime fits. Three of our patients presented isolated paroxysmal arousals, whereas in one, the events were associated with hypermotor seizures. We present a simplified variant of the DSSSD method (modified DSSSD) that can be used to study episodes of paroxysmal arousals in order to confirm their stereotyped motor pattern. The clinical aspects and the EEG-polygraphy patterns were informative, with the absence of asymmetrical tonic or dystonic posturing of the limbs. Scalp EEG alone does not usually provide much information in patients with isolated paroxysmal arousals. Coupled to the modified DSSSD technique, it may allow confirmation of the diagnosis of frontal epilepsy, as was the case in our four patients.[Published with video sequences]