Vicente Villanueva, José Maria Serratosa
medial or neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy who underwent epilepsy surgery between 1997-2002, and achieved an Engel class I or II outcome. We classified the patients into two groups according to the age at the first seizure: at or before 17 years of age and 18 years of age or older. All patients underwent intensive video-EEG monitoring. We reviewed at least three seizures from each patient and analyzed the following clinical data: presence of aura, duration of aura, ictal and post-ictal period, clinical semiology of aura, ictal and post-ictal period. We also analyzed the following data from the clinical history prior to surgery: presence of isolated auras, frequency of secondary generalized seizures, and frequency of complex partial seizures. Non-parametric, chi-square tests and odds ratios were used for the statistical analysis. There were 41 patients in the “early onset” group and 9 patients in the “later onset” group. A relationship was found between early onset and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and between later onset and neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (p = 0.04). The later onset group presented a higher incidence of blinking during seizures (p = 0.03), a longer duration of the post-ictal period (p = 0.07) and a lower number of presurgical complex partial seizures (p = 0.03). The other parameters analyzed showed no significant differences between the two groups. We conclude that clinical and semiological differences exist between patients with temporal lobe epilepsy according to the age at onset. [Published with video sequences]
Boguslaw Paradowski, Mieszko M Zagrajek
common type of seizure in the group studied was partial (66.2%), followed by seizures with secondary generalization (33.8%). Epilepsy was caused by cerebrovascular disease (50.8%) considerably more often in patients over 74 years of age, craniocerebral trauma in patients addicted to alcohol (13.1%), especially those under 65 years of age, primary or metastatic neoplastic disease (10.7%), and others. The authors wish to draw attention to the leukoaraiosis factor, which might be the proepileptogenic cause of epilepsy recognized in the group of patients over 74 years of age (56.5%) and is much more frequent in this group than in the group of patients under 65 years of age (1.6%). Moreover, some drugs, such as L-dopa and Baclofen, might have been related to the epileptic seizures. In 29 patients (22.3%) the definite cause of late-onset epilepsy was unknown. The authors suggest in such cases, both follow – up tomographic examination and careful clinical examinations. In the study group of patients with initially unknown seizure etiology, some diseases, such as cerebral tumor or colon and pancreatic neoplasm, were diagnosed during follow-up examination. These processes were revealed several months after the first epileptic seizure.
S Rheims, Geneviève Demarquay, Marc Guénot, Marc Sindou, François Mauguière, Philippe Ryvlin
of ipsilateral head turning in frontal lobe seizures are available. We report a patient with frontal lobe seizures associated with reproducible, early, ipsilateral head deviation, where imaging and video-stereo-electroencephalography data, as well as surgical outcome, demonstrated the fronto-polar and orbito-frontal origin of the epileptic discharge. We conclude that early ipsilateral head deviation, in the context of frontal lobe epilepsy, raises the possibility of fronto-polar or orbito-frontal seizure onset.[Published with video sequences]
Abdelkader El Hasnaoui, Arielle Crespel, Jean-Pierre Daurès, Michel Baldy-Moulinier, Marie-Christine Picot
(QOLIE-31) and a generic, health-related quality-of-life questionnaire, the Nottingham health profile (NHP). The psychometric properties of SEALS, assessed in 190 adult subjects with epilepsy, included: acceptability, test-retest reliability and validity, multitrait analysis including internal consistency and item-to-scale correlations, construct validity using factor analysis and discriminative validity using associations with disease characteristics and treatment effects, and, correlations with NHP and QOLIE-31 scores for convergent and divergent validity. Both acceptability and reproducibility were good and internal consistency was high (Cronbach’s α coefficient = 0.92). Factor analysis with varimax rotation identified five factors: the first, related to cognitive function accounted for 26.0% of the variance. Discriminative validity was good for most treatment characteristics (tolerability, seizure control, compliance) and clinical features (epilepsy type, seizure frequency and severity, depressive symptoms). Correlations with the NHP and QOLIE-31 scores were consistently strong. It was concluded that the psychometric properties of the French translation of SEALS were similar to the original English version. In addition, SEALS provides information on quality of life that is complementary to that obtained with QOLIE-31. In particular, with respect to the QOLIE-31, the SEALS provides information on cognitive and neuropsychological aspects of impairment of quality of life, whereas the QOLIE-31 has a broader scope, taking into account multiple aspects of quality of life in epilepsy.
Patrícia da Silva Sousa, Katia Lin, Eliana Garzon, Américo Ceiki Sakamoto, Elza Márcia T Yacubian
language-induced jerks was documented in video-polygraphic EEG recordings.[Published with video sequences]